World Thalassemia Day 2013

May 8th is observed as World Thalassemia Day.

What is thalassemia?

Thalassemia is an inherited characteristic of the blood. It reduces the amount of hemoglobin in a human body, leading to anemia. Deficiency or a lesser count of red blood cells, or too little hemoglobin in blood, is Anemia – which simply means a shortage of blood.

There are two main types of thalassemia, thalassemia minor [carrier state], thalassemia major [disease state].

When two thalassemia minors marry each other there are 50% chances in each delivery of having a child with thalassemia major.

Every year 5000 to 6000 children are born with thalassemia in Pakistan and thalassemia major’s only cure is blood transfusion; they remain transfusion dependant through-out their lives.

It is said an ounce of prevention is better than cure; just a simple blood test can save your next generation from thalassemia major. There are many countries which are now thalassemia free because they implemented blood test rule before marriage. If a couple can go for blood test before marrying they can not only help the country in reducing thalassemia births every year BUT they also can save their own offspring.

What you can do as an individual?

* You can get yourself and your partner tested before marriage

Ask your friends to do the same
* If someone you know who is getting married ask them if they have gone for the test?
* Spread this information around your family, friends, colleagues, neighbors and everywhere… TO SAVE THE NEXT GENERATION!


Donate blood; make it a habit to donate blood in every 4 months. Thalassemia majors are alive because of those generous blood donors who help them live. It is in Quran “saving one life is like saving the whole humanity”.

Together we all can make Pakistan thalassemia free!

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